Warm Temperature Regulation and SCI
I was sitting at my desk on June 21, 2017, Summer Solstice, and thinking about spinal cord injury and our body’s inability to regulate temperature. It’s just another ‘thang’ we are unable to perform. But why does that happen to spinal cord injured individuals? Why are we powerless to regulate our bodies in hot and/or cold? Since its summertime, I wanted to discuss the whys and hows to normalize during balmy outside temperatures and how to provide a comfortable environment while sitting in our chairs.
A normal, healthy human is able to maintain a constant body temperature of approximately 98.6ᵒ F despite the temperature of the environment. In a hot environment, the body sends a signal to the brain via the spinal cord to say the body is overheating; the brain then sends a signal back down the spinal cord and tells the body to cool itself by perspiration which evaporates and cools the skin. This is defined as a “normal” individual. This definition does not apply to SCI individuals. The signal is halted at the level of injury. These definitions can easily explain why I can sit in a room and suffer from heat and my poor husband is wrapped tightly as a cocoon in his blanket. When I get hot, it will take me twice as long to cool down. Same occurs during a fever associated with illness. If a high paraplegic or quadriplegic is in an outside temperature over 90 F, especially when the humidity is high, the body temperature will begin to rise. The ability to sweat or to make goose bumps may be lost below the level of injury. It will take longer to cool down after a spike in temperature. A LOT longer!!!!
Signs that you are overheated:
Skin feels hot, dry and appears pink or red
High body temperature
Pulse is fast and may be weak and irregular
Feel sick to your stomach
Things you can do to help prevent getting overheated:
Stay out of direct sunlight, stay in the shade
Wear light-weight clothes
Wear a hat
Drink plenty of water
Place a cold wet towel around the back of your neck or purchase an advertised “cooling towel”
Bring a spray bottle to spray water on your body to cool off
Drink cool fluids and/or eat popsicles
Use fan or air conditioner
Avoid hot tubs
Be careful not to put your bare feet on hot pavement
Watch out for decreased urine output…this could signal dehydration, which can contribute to many other problems/complications!
If you get overheated:
Get out of the sun or hot room
Go to a cool place (stay under shade)
Drink plenty of water; do not drink fruit juices, alcohol or caffeine
Sponge off with cool water; shower if possible
Lay down until you feel better
Go to the hospital if you do not to feel better
If your overheating occurs from fever, take an antipyretic medication (Tylenol, Advil, or Motrin). Force fluids to maintain hydration.
The higher your injury level and the more complete an injury is, the greater the difficulty with temperature regulation. Avoiding extreme temperatures and a few select solutions can assist with overheating during the hot months.
Food for thought…..keep a bottle of lemon water in your hands at all times. The water assists with hydration and the acidic lemon added will support healthy urine and aid in UTI prevention.
It’s all good, so keep on rollin,’
Patty, BSN, RNC and Roberta, RN
The Rollin’ RNs ™
Health Facts for You. Retrieved July 27, 2017 from https://www.uwhealth.org/healthfacts/neuro/7578.pdf. University of Wisconsin Health.
How do spinal cord injuries affect your body? Retrieved June 21, 2017 from http://www.uiortho.com/index.php/how-do-spinal-cord-injuries-affect-the-body.html
SCI and body temperature regulation. Retrieved June 23, 2017 from https://thequadfiles.wordpress.com/2011/08/02/sci-and-body-temperature-regulation/.
Spinal Cord Injury Education. Retrieved July 21, 2017 from https://www.wakemed.org/documents/Rehab/SpinalCordInjuryPatientEducation.pdf.